Jeans have never been out of fashion. It suits every occasion. It can be worn by matching with any clothes whether it is T-shirt, kurta or shirt, it goes well with everything. Jeans have been the world’s most popular style of pants.
Jeans, once worn by laborers and workers, are worn by common to special people today.
The accidental discovery of new fabric ‘denim’
The word ‘denim’ is derived from “Serge de Nimes” (name of a fabric). This fabric originated in Nimes, France. In the 18th century, the workers of Nemes also tried to make the fabric like Serge (fabric) made in Genoa, Italy.
However, they could not make Serge fabric, but they did make a new type of fabric named ‘Serge de Nimes’. Later this name was shortened to Denim. This is how denim was invented.
Jeans are pants that are made of ‘denim’ or ‘dungaree’ fabric. The most famous fabric in the world today was invented in the year 1873. Jacob Davis and Levi Strauss invented it. At that time, even if it was manufactured for other works or for a special class. But, today it is worn and liked all over the world.
A patterned fabric was made from cotton in Genoa, Italy, which was called there by the name gene and jeans were named after them.
Use of ‘copper nail’ in jeans and the birth of denim
In the year 1851, Levi Strauss came to New York from Germany. He wanted to join hands with his elder brother in his business. His brother had a clothing business. There he worked with his brother for two years. But, the Gold Rush was at its peak in 1853. In Western countries, especially on a large scale, people were engaged in gold mining.
When Levi came to know about this, he thought of expanding his business by moving to San Francisco. With this thought, he moved to San Francisco. After going there, he started selling cotton clothes along with dry fabric.
The story of the making of jeans begins from here. There was a tailor named Jacob Davis. He lived in Reno, Nevada. Davis used to sew covers for tents, blankets and accessories. One day a customer came to his shop and asked him to sew very durable pants. He asked to sew such a pant which would remain the same even after doing a lot of hard work.
After this Jacob thought of making these pants out of denim fabric. He went to Levi Strauss & Co. and bought denim fabric. To make these pants stronger and more durable, he decided to put copper nails in them. This nail was to be placed in such a place from where the pants are most prone to get torn like pockets etc.
His idea was very successful and he wanted to get a patent on his invention. For this, he thought of making Levi his partner and went to him and asked him for it. Levi said yes to it and then took its patent as well.
After this, both of them together set up a big factory. This is how jeans were born.
How did the color of ‘denim’ turn blue?
If you are wondering how did the color of ‘denim’ turn blue, then there is an answer too. In cotton-weaving textiles, two or more threads had to be woven from the warp to make this fabric.
Where one warp of a thread was colored with ‘indigo’, the other warp would have been painted white or some other color. In this way, denim is woven and it gets a blue color.
Initially, hard-working miners used to wear
In the early days of jeans, it was either worn by very hard-working miners or ‘cowboys’. Over time, it gradually became very famous among the people who play polo.
It was a very strong pant, due to which more and more people started using it. That’s why even today polo players wear blue jeans during practice and wear white jeans to play matches.
Hollywood popularized the jeans
It is believed that the best jeans in the world are made in Japan. The demand for jeans is highest in North America, where 39 per cent of blue jeans are bought, while 10 per cent of blue jeans are sold in Japan and Korea.
One of the major reasons why jeans became famous was the Hollywood movies and the jeans worn by the protagonists or heroes. The credit for this goes to James Dean. In 1955, he wore a T-shirt, a leather jacket and jeans for James’ film Rebel Without a Cause. After this film, it became the first choice of the men of that time.
There was a competition among people to copy his look. The film was earlier to be produced in black and white. But later the studio decided to produce it in color only. Dean’s jeans were deliberately made darker so that he could attract people to him. Teenage culture, which was rapidly starting in America, adopted them.
This started emerging as his first choice. It had become a style statement, which continues to this day. Before this, in 1953, Marlon Brando also made jeans very popular. He has been wearing it the whole time in his film ‘The Wild One’.
The credit for popularising jeans among women goes to Marilyn Monroe. She also made it famous among women through her film Misfits. Her look in this film was like James, which was also called the lady version.
The Beatles and Bob Dylan wore loose pants
Subsequently, boot-cut jeans pants became very popular in the mid-18th century. This fashion trend was influenced by boat sellers. They used to wear jeans and face trouble wearing their boots. Thus, the open bottom of the pants came into existence. This made them comfortable to wear and easy to work with.
Hollywood popularized these jeans as well. By the 80s, they came to be known as bell-bottom jeans.
The design of skinny or pencil jeans was inspired by the tight pants worn in the 17th century, which came out of France and were popularized in England and then Europe too. It used to be the choice of rich people. These tight pants were known as ‘Pantaloons’.
After the technological revolution, once again people stopped wearing them and started wearing comfortable and loose pants. Its fashion came and went. In the 50’s it came back in fashion. This time it was trending because music stars and actors like The Beatles and Bob Dylan wore these jeans a lot at that time.
Jeans have also been associated with casual, comfort and youth. There was a time when only formal clothes were worn in the offices, but now jeans or denim have slowly made their place.
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