Researchers at Northumbria University have been instrumental in the creation of a center for innovation and entrepreneurship in a low-income area of Africa.
Africa is widely acknowledged as the poorest continent on Earth, and the center, which was developed by a team from Northumbria University in collaboration with Enugu State University of Science and Technology in Nigeria, and other universities in the region, has already developed programs to address energy shortages and educate local people on low incomes.
The Innovation and Entrepreneurship Center for Rural Sustainable Development was funded by the Royal Academy of Engineering as part of the Higher Education Partnership in Sub-Saharan Africa (HEPSSA) program, which aims to encourage collaboration between those in academia, local industries, and local governments. to aid sustainability.
This multidisciplinary partnership approach uses the expertise of academics from varied backgrounds, from engineering to social science, linking education and industry, as well as engaging students on real-world projects.
Dr Ulugbek Azimov, Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering, who was Northumbria University’s lead on the project, explained: “As developing economies, sub-Saharan African countries are facing a formidable challenge in navigating through a complex energy demand-supply gap.
“Although the main income in rural communities is agriculture, it requires a huge amount of energy to cultivate healthy crops and the region’s energy supply is highly centralized, coupled with a lack of infrastructure. The accumulation of waste and its disposal also pose potential environmental and health threats in the area. “
The center was therefore designed to create green jobs, sustainable economic growth, and healthy communities, by applying renewable energy technologies, providing green materials and waste-to-energy solutions, and introducing sustainable agriculture into rural communities.
Dr Azimov continued: “For individuals, this project will contribute to a cleaner environment and high-quality education and wellbeing; for organizations, it will initiate new research and development projects and investments in renewable energy, waste utilization and sustainable agriculture; for local economies it will contribute to government policy to create high-standard living conditions in remotely populated areas. ”
The center has so far trained more than 50 local entrepreneurs and university students in managing and converting local waste, and scores more on green construction methods and agriculture, helping them also to plan, design and build appropriate small-scale renewable energy systems using techniques such as as solar energy harvesting, biomass waste processing, and bio-gas production.
These programs have been so successful that a regional competition has already been held, with cash prizes presented to participating local companies, entrepreneurs, non-profit groups, NGOs, students and individuals, to help them further develop their projects and ideas.
Besides training, the center has also developed research infrastructure in the area of Enugu, Nigeria to enable future projects.
Dr Azimov added: “These newly established facilities will provide a solid platform for the successful implementation of various green energy and sustainability projects in sub-Saharan Africa.”
This project is an example of Northumbria’s contribution towards global sustainability. The University was ranked 50th in the world for sustainability in the 2021 Times Higher Education (THE) Impact Rankings and Rated ‘first class’ for sustainability in the latest People & Planet University league table.